Upon receiving this information, seeing that the council could not, under any circumstances, be held at that time, we accorded to the said princes, that the time for celebrating the council should be deferred till next holy Easter, the feast of the Resurrection of the Lord. Any long term change in the Catholic Church depended on the attitude of the pope in power at one particular time.
Besides the three papal legates and Cardinal Madruzzo, there were present at Trent ten archbishops and fifty-four bishopsmost of them from the countries ruled by the emperor.
A regular courier service was maintained between Rome and Trentso that the pope was kept fully informed in regard to the debates of the council. Nuncios were sent for this purpose to FranceSpainand the German king, Ferdinand.
It defined the mass as a true sacrifice; issued doctrinal statements on holy ordersmatrimonypurgatoryindulgencesand the veneration of saintsimages, and relics ; and enacted reform decrees on clerical morals and the establishment of seminaries.
These general congregations were composed of all bishopsgenerals of orders, and abbots who were entitled to a vote, the proxies of absent members entitled to a vote, and the representatives oratores of the secular rulers. On account of the treacherous attack made by Maurice of Saxony on Charles Vthe city of Trent and the members of the council were placed in danger; consequently, at the sixteenth session 23 April, a decree suspending the council for two years was promulgated.
Meantime, the Protestant princes did not agree to abandon their doctrines.
The commission of reform, appointed in July,drew up a report as the basis for the correction of the abuses in ecclesiastical life; the pope began preparations for the journey to Mantua. It is true that the emperor intended it to be a strictly general or truly ecumenical council, at which the Protestants should have a fair hearing.
The emperor now consented that it should meet at Vicenzabut Venice would not agree, whereupon the emperor proposed Trentand later Cardinal Contarini suggested Mantuabut nothing was decided.
As the bishops made their appearance very slowly, the opening of the council was delayed. When peace was restored, the council defined that Christ is entirely present in both the consecrated bread and the consecrated wine in the Eucharist but left to the pope the practical decision of whether or not the chalice should be granted to the laity.
This object had been one of the causes calling forth the reformatory councils and had been lightly touched upon by the Fifth Council of the Lateran under Pope Julius II. Other good editions are in vol. About this page APA citation. The same action was all that was taken in the tenth session on 2 June,although there had been exhaustive debates on various subjects in congregations.
Great difficulties were raised once more on various sides. The practice of withholding the cup from the laity was confirmed twenty-first session as one which the Church Fathers had commanded for good and sufficient reasons; yet in certain cases the Pope was made the supreme arbiter as to whether the rule should be strictly maintained.
It was only after the third session, when the preliminary questions and the order of business had been essentially settled, that the real work of the council began. The emperor and Francis I were invited later to send the cardinals of their countries to Romeso that the question of the council could be discussed by the college of cardinals.
By the end of the century, many of the abuses that had motivated the Protestant Reformation had disappeared, and the Roman Catholic Church had reclaimed many of its followers in Europe.
The History of the Council of Trent: In the 24 session, the council issued decrees on marriage which affirmed the excellence of celibacy, condemned concubinage, and made the validity of marriage dependent upon the wedding taking place before a priest and two witnesses.If marks the beginning of the Protestant Reformation, then (the founding of the Jesuit order) and (the opening of the Council of Trent) mark the beginning of the Catholic Reformation, also known as the Counter-Reformation.
The Council of Trent played an important part in determining the outcome of theCounter-Reformation. Along with the part played by the Jesuits and certain individuals, the Council of Trent was a central feature of the Counter-Reformation.
Council of Trent, 19th ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church, held in three parts from to Prompted by the Reformation, the Council of Trent was highly important for its sweeping decrees on self-reform and for its dogmatic definitions that clarified virtually every doctrine contested by the Protestants.
Council of Trent was the 19th Ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church.
Important members of the Catholic Church met in Trento three times between December 13,and December 4,as a reaction to the Protestant Reformation.
The Ecumenical Council of Trent has proved to be of the greatest importance for the development of the inner life of the Church. No council has ever had to accomplish its task under more serious difficulties, none has had so many questions of the greatest importance to decide.
The Council of Trent condemned the errors of the Protestant Revolters, and shone as a beacon to all the world. Its clear doctrines, authoritative pronouncements, and overall influence, has rightfully gained The Council of Trent its title as the greatest council in .Download