Secondly, people can have mistaken ideas about the items they refer to. But in fact it remains a subject for specialists, since the ideas are difficult and the mode of presentation is often fairly technical.
In oratio obliqua we may follow Kripke and Wettstein and distinguish speaker reference -- what A meant to refer to -- from semantic reference -- what A actually referred to. Wettstein also denies that it ascribes to A a dispositional mental state. And it is difficult to resist the conclusion that such a denial is possible only because any such bearer would have to satisfy certain conditions.
Cognitively innocent reference is not mysterious. First, speakers can refer to things of which they have no uniquely identifying description. Wettstein argues that Wittgenstein--a figure with whom the critics of Frege and Russell are typically unsympathetic--laid the foundation for much of what is really revolutionary in this late 20th century movement.
It entreats us to accept a Wittgensteinian dissolution of the general problem of linguistic intentionality. This approach would also allow one to situate propositions in our practices, rather than to dismiss them, as Wettstein ends up doing in his final chapter.
The Magic Prism is intended for professional philosophers, graduate students, and upper division undergraduates. According to Wettstein, the direct reference revolution needs to be radicalized. According to Wettstein, previous proponents of direct reference have complicated rather than resolved these puzzles, because they have combined a Russellian conception of propositional content with Fregean modes of presentation.
Furthermore, he places Millianism in the context of his social-practice picture of language. Such qualms notwithstanding, Wettstein has provided a highly illuminating and thought-provoking anthropology of our practice of using words to refer to things.
For better or worse, however, this is a suggestion which Wettstein, along with the mature Frege, rejects. Propositions are simply sayables and thinkables; and their identity is just as determinate as the explanations that speakers can proffer of what they are thinking or what they have said.
But he says that they have often misconceived their critical project, treating it in ways that are technically focused and that miss the deeper implications of their revolutionary challenge.
Direct reference theorists are prone to reason as follows. For one thing, he argues convincingly that failure of substitutivity cannot be explained away by appeal to Gricean conversational implicatures.
An Essay in the Philosophy of Language Howard Wettstein An Essay in the Philosophy of Language Howard Wettstein Description The late 20th century saw great movement in the philosophy of language, often critical of the fathers of the subject--Gottlieb Frege and Bertrand Russell--but sometimes supportive of or even defensive about the work of the fathers.
They are treated as non-paradigmatic cases of using names, which are nonetheless close enough to the central cases to work.
A believes that p if A would sincerely avow that p under suitable circumstances. The limits of substitution within the context clause are not dictated by an entity -- a propositional content -- but vary according to the communicative situation.Jan 01, · The Magic Prism has 5 ratings and 0 reviews.
The late 20th century saw great movement in the philosophy of language, often critical of the fathers of the /5(4). This book presents the development of an anti-Fregean conception on the philosophy of language. It argues that Wittgenstein not only anticipated the important features of the anti-Fregean approach, but provided a deeper and more satisfying rationale than recent works.
Where Wittgenstein sharply diverged from the anti-Fregeans, he pointed the. Howard Wettstein's The Magic Prism is an excellent book. Written by an established master in the philosophy of language who has made seminal contributions to the debates he discusses, it is at once eminently readable and philosophically challenging.5/5(1).
The late 20th century saw great movement in the philosophy of language, often critical of the fathers of the subject-Gottlieb Frege and Bertrand Russell-but sometimes supportive of (or even defensive about) the work of the fathers. Howard Wettstein's sympathies lie with the critics. But he says that.
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The Magic Prism: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language The late 20th century saw great movement in the philosophy of language, often critical of the fathers of the subject—Gottlieb Frege and Bertrand Russell—but sometimes supportive of (or even defensive about) the work of the fathers.5/5(1).Download