He ensured that Parliament passed the Act of Six Articles, a conservative document that endorsed transubstantiation and clerical celibacy. Anti-clerical sentiments existed even amongst those who had neither Protestant nor Erastian beliefs.
Three Bishops were also inclined to the Protestant cause: Latimer and Shaxton were tactless radicals who alienated moderates by their unwillingness to compromise. The Bishops Book included seven sacraments like the Catholic Church but failed to endorse transubstantiation an important Catholic doctrine.
On the same day, three Catholic priests Abel, Featherstone, and Powel - who had denied the Royal Supremacy were hanged, drawn and quartered. On the eve of the Reformation inthe Imperial ambassador to England noted that "nearly all the people here hate the priests".
In Octoberhe died for his views at the hands of the Imperial authorities in Vilvorde, Belgium. There had always been tension between the secular and the ecclesiastical powers in England.
Luther believed in depriving the clergy of much of their power and placing it in the hands of secular authorities, and some Swiss urban Protestants - particularly Thomas Erastus - denied that the church should exercise anything but persuasive power.
Scarisbrick and Eamon Duffy have shown, many people willingly supported their local priests, and had to be pressurized by central government into "reform". Despite the swerve back to Catholicism, Henry continued to protect Protestants such as Archbishop Cranmer.
In the Ten Articles were issued - these were sufficiently indefinite and ambiguous to be acceptable to the Lutherans. Lutheran ideas reached England quickly. Lutheran books were soon brought to England by merchants and travellers, and a Lutheran group began to meet in Cambridge at the White Horse Tavern.
The Protestant enthusiasm of Richard Rich and Thomas Audley came a poor second to self-serving ambition. Henry showed a real fear of the social change that Protestant notions might provoke, and in tried to prevent those below the rank of gentry from reading the Bible.
By the late 15th century, the main disputes revolved around rights of sanctuary and benefit of clergy.
The Injunctions of not only urged priest to educate their flocks and to keep efficient parish registers, but also commanded the destruction of "superstitious" images.Essay Causes and Effects of the Protestant Reformation Words | 5 Pages.
it, the Protestant Reformation did not happen overnight. Catholics had begun to lose faith in the once infallible Church ever since the Great Schism, when there were two popes, each declaring that the other was the antichrist.
The Causes of the English Reformation. Henry VIII's break with Rome was an act of state, promptly primarily by political motives, but many of those who supported Henry were appalled at the abuses rife in the Catholic Church and at the corruption of the Papacy.
The Reformation: Causes and Effects Essay The Reformation The Reformation was caused by many things, things that had triggered the collapse in the Catholic Church were: The. The Protestant Reformation Essay Words | 8 Pages.
The Protestant Reformation Introduction The Protestant Reformation of the sixteenth century is one of the most complex movements in European history since the fall of the Roman Empire. - Three Causes of the Protestant Reformation The sixteenth century was a time when the acts and teachings of all religions came under a great amount of scrutiny.
As a result, there was a great division from the dominant Roman Catholic Church; this was known as the Protestant Reformation.
Essay on Factors Leading to Protestant Reformation - Three Causes of the Protestant Reformation The sixteenth century was a time when the acts and teachings of all religions came under a .Download